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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-31

Knowledge levels of medical students about hand hygiene

1 Consultant Anesthesiologist, Fortis Hospitals, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, Pain Relief and Infection Control, Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Research Fellow, Fortis Hospitals, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Murali Chakravarthy
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, Pain Relief and Infection Control, Fortis Hospitals, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2319-1880.187757

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Introduction: Hand hygiene is one of the least expensive easy to train procedure which can sub substantially decrease hospital associated infections. Healthcare workers perhaps are the major contributors to health care associated infection by their non compliance to this simple practice. It is important that knowledge and training about this preventive measure be inculcated during the training of healthcare workers. Training of young medical students is undoubtedly an important pivot to ensure reduction in hospital associated infections. Aim: A survey regarding hand hygiene practices among medical students was conducted with an aim to find out the knowledge and practices of the students regarding hand hygiene during their interaction with patients and their routine hospital visits. Methods: An electronic survey using 'survey monkey' was conducted in a medical college in the city of Bengaluru to assess the knowledge levels of medical students. Medical students of all the years of education were included. Full fledged doctors were excluded from participation. Results: Our results suggest that knowledge regarding hand hygiene is sub-optimal among the students (40%) and the compliance is low (63%) as a consequence of non availability of hand rubs at various locations. Theoretical knowledge among the medical students was high. More than 70% knew that the gloves cannot be replacement of hand hygiene. But the other details of the procedure of hand hygiene, were not known to them. Only 44% of the respondents an-swered that 10 seconds contact time with an alcohol, 29% answered it as 20 seconds, 23% an-swered as 1 minute and 4% answered 3 seconds. These data suggest that the medical institu-tions must taken upon themselves to train the prospective doctors in this vital, life saving simple. Conclusion: The knowledge levels of medical students about hand hygiene is far below expecta-tions; the administrators should take upon themselves to include this topic in the educational curriculum.

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